Ariège, Midi-Pyrenees in France

The Pyrenees mountains climb high to the south to reach the Spanish border

There are traces of early civilization 15,000 years ago in caves. Cathar castles are perched on steep rocky hills and resisted against the attacks of the Pope's armies, to finally find exile in the South. Fortified castles and towns continued to be used for many more mores, the only defense against invaders from the south and North.

Towns and cities