The 31st of March 1519, at the castle of Saint-Germain-en-Laye in the actual department of the Yvelines was born Henri de Valois, Duke of Orléans. Henri is the son of King François I and Claude de France and is the godson of the English monarch Henry VIII. Such a high birth called him for great deeds but not for reigning as a King of France since he had an older brother, the Dauphin François, Duke of Brittany.
Louis XV “ le Bien-Aimé “ ( the Well-Beloved ) was King of France and Navarre from the 1st of September 1715 until his death in May 1774.
Louis de France, of the Bourbon house, was born during the reign of King Louis XIV, his great-grandfather. Louis, titled Duke of Anjou at his birth the 15th of February 1710, is the son of the Petit Dauphin, also named Louis de France and Marie-Adélaïde de Savoie. The future Louis XV is the fourth in line to the succession ( after his grandfather, father and older brother ).
King Henry III of Navarre, distant cousin of Henri III of France ( the last Valois King of France ) is designated legitimate heir to the French throne. Under the name of Henry IV, he belongs to the Bourbon dynasty and thus became the first King of this Capetian branch.